Biological Anthropology and Ethics

From Repatriation to Genetic Identity

Edited by Trudy R. Turner

Subjects: Physical Anthropology
Paperback : 9780791462966, 337 pages, December 2004
Hardcover : 9780791462959, 337 pages, December 2004

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Table of contents

Acknowledgments

1. Introduction: Ethical Concerns in Biological Anthropology
Trudy R. Turner

2. Field Primatologists: Duties, Rights, and Obligations
Linda D. Wolfe

3. Studies of Primates in the Field and in Captivity: Similarities and Differences in Ethical Concerns
Leanne T. Nash

4. Habituating Primates for Field Study: Ethical Considerations for African Great Apes
Michele L. Goldsmith

5. Biological Samples in the Modern Zoological Park: A Case Study from the Bronx Zoo
Cathi Lehn

6. Commentary: Ethical Issues Surrounding the Use of Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research
Jay Kaplan

7. Ethical Issues in the Molding and Casting of Fossil Specimens
Janet M. Monge and Alan E. Mann

8. The Ethics of Bioarchaeology
Clarke Spenser Larsen and Phillip L. Walker

9. Ethical Issues in Forensic Anthropology
Heather Walsh-Haney and Leslie S. Lieberman

10. Commentary: A Discussion of Ethical Issues in Skeletal Biology
Susan C. Anton

11. Ethical Issues in Human Biology Behavioral Research and Research with Children
Sara Stinson

12. Institutional Review Boards: The Structural and Cultural Obstacles Encountered in Human Biological Research
Stacy Zamudio

13. Darkness in El Dorado: Claims, Counter-Claims, and the Obligations of Researchers
Trudy R. Turner and Jeffrey D. Nelson

14. A Case Study of Ethical Issues in Genetic Research: The Sally Hemings-Thomas Jefferson Story
Sloan R. Williams

15. Psychological and Ethical Issues Related to Identity and Inferring Ancestry of African Americans
Cynthia E. Winston and Rick A. Kittles

16. The Consent Process and aDNA Research: Contrasting Approaches in North America
Dennis H. O'Rourke, M. Geoffry Hayes, and Shawn W. Carlyle

17. Working with Ancient DNA: NAGPRA, Kennewick Man, and Other Ancient Peoples
Frederika A. Kaestle and David G. Smith

18. Commentary: Changing Standards of Informed Consent: Raising the Bar
Jonathan S. Friedlaender

19. Commentary: An Overview of Human Subjects Research in Biological Anthropology
Jeffrey C. Long

20. Commentary: Data Sharing and Access to Information
Trudy R. Turner

Appendix I. Code of Ethics of the American Anthropological Association

Appendix II. Code of Ethics of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists

List of Contributors

Index

The first comprehensive account of the ethical issues facing biological anthropologists today.

Description

Biological anthropologists face an array of ethical issues as they engage in fieldwork around the world. In this volume human biologists, geneticists, paleontologists, and primatologists confront their involvement with, and obligations to, their research subjects, their discipline, society, and the environment. Those working with human populations explore such issues as who speaks for a group, community consultation and group consent, the relationship between expatriate communities and the community of origin, and disclosing the identity of both individuals and communities. Those working with skeletal remains discuss issues that include access to and ownership of fossil material. Primatologists are concerned about the well-being of their subjects in laboratory and captive situations, and must address yet another set of issues regarding endangered animal populations and conservation in field situations. The first comprehensive account of the ethical issues facing biological anthropologists today, Biological Anthropology and Ethics opens the door for discussions of ethical issues in professional life.

Trudy R. Turner is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee.