Careers in Theory and Experience

A Twenty-Year Longitudinal Study

Edited by Warren D. Gribbons & Paul R. Lohnes

Paperback : 9780873956123, 145 pages, June 1983
Hardcover : 9780873956116, 145 pages, June 1983

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Table of contents

1. Exploration: A Modal Experience of Adolescence
Tentative Substage of Exploration
Vocational Maturity Measurement
Career Patterns
Testing Markov Chains
Discriminant Analysis
2. Transition: Four Years Beyond High School
HS + 4 Instruments
Status of Subjects
Correlates of Educational Aspirations
Vocational Maturity at Grade Twelve
Relating Vocational Maturity in Early Adolescence to Nine-Year Career Patterns Criteria
The Career Development Tree
Summary and Conclusions
3. Trial: Six Years Beyond High School
Predicting Current Career Goal from the 8th-Grade Traits
4. Probability Models for Career Patterns
Fourth Transitions on Other Variables
5. Six Case Studies
6. Reliability and Correaltes of the Revised Readiness for Career Planning Scale
7. A 21-year Followup
8. Implications for Education

Appendix: New Readiness for Career Planning (RCP) Instrument and Manual


This book tells what happens in terms of career development during the 20 years following the 8th grade. The first 20-year longitudinal study of career development in America in the post-World War II period to have reached publication stage, it is also the only such study that includes women in its sample. The research was designed to test the best theoretical formulations available. Its findings provide clear and convincing tests of exisitng developmental theory, support useful extensions of theory, and stimulate hypotheses for future research.

Two important aspects of the research program are the production of a new measurement technique for scaling vocational maturity in adolescents, and refinement of an innovative statistical methodology for career development modeling. The new measurement device, entitled "Readiness for Career Planning," is applicable to both counseling/guidance programs and research programs.

The statistical strategy combining multiple discriminant analysis and Markov chain analysis in a coherent modeling procedure is a major innovation in data analysis procedures for research on careers. Beyond these technical contributions, the book is highly readable on a non-technical level. It provides provocative and helpful insights into the experience of developing careers in America to readers in many walks of life.

Appended to this study is a NEW READINESS FOR CAREER PLANNING (RCP) INSTRUMENT AND MANUAL, for use by the school counselor and educational psychologist.

Warren D. Gribbons holds a doctorate in Counseling Psychology from Harvard University. He has been Professor of Psychology at Regis College, Weston, Massachusetts, since 1962. Paul R. Lohnes also a graduate of the Harvard University Graduate School of Education, is Professor and Chair of the Department of Educational Psychology of the State University of New York at Buffalo.