In this book, Chattopadhyaya examines the epistemological and methodological implications of induction and probability. Opposed to foundationalism and the thesis of certainty of human knowledge, he has defended a qualified form of fallibilism and constructive kind of skepticism.
D. P. Chattopadhyaya is Professor of Philosophy, Jadavpur University, Calcutta. The author of thirteen books and over eighty articles, he was a past President of Indian Philosophical Congress. He is Chairman of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research (ICPR), and President of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study. Among his books are Individuals and Societies: A Methodological Inquiry; Individuals and Worlds: Essays in Anthropological Rationalism; Human Meanings and Existences; Sri Aurobindo and Karl Marx; Knowledge, Freedom, and Language; and Anthropology and Historiography of Science.
"The book is extremely thorough, a genuine tour de force. The author covers all the major contemporary and historical positions on induction, fallibility in knowlege, probabilism, skepticism, foundationalism, and anti-foundationalism—all with extraordinary rigor and depth of insight. Even major non-Western logicians and philosophers are included. Moreover, the treatment is entirely anti-dogmatic, neutral, and non-sectarian: Heidegger, Sartre, Husserl, and Hegel, for example, are accorded as balanced and thorough a review and critical consideration as are Popper, Hume, Russell, Carnap, and Quine. This is truly a remarkable achievement. " —George R. Lucas, Jr. , National Endowment for the Humanities
"I like the intellectual command of so many sources, and the way Indian sources are used. I like the open and judicious handling of every debatable topic—and they comprise the list of empiricism's failures. I like the dignity of the writing style which is clear, measured, and austere, but also lofty, rhythmic, and with a fine cadence. This is a book of very high quality. Its author is a great and experienced philosopher who has integrated in his person the spiritual quality of Indian philosophy with the logical precision of the British tradition in which he was educated. This is an outstanding work by India's foremost philosopher. " —Patrick A. Heelan, State University of New York at Stony Brook