During the last decade there were significant advances in the study of students' learning and problem solving in mathematics, and in the study of classroom instruction. Because these two research programs usually have been conducted individually, it is generally agreed now that there is an increasing need for an integrated research program. This book represents initial discussions and development of a unified paradigm for studying teaching in mathematics that builds upon both cognitive as well as instructional research.
Elizabeth Fennema and Thomas P. Carpenter are Professors in the School of Education at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Susan J. Lamon is Assistant Professor in the Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Computer Science at Marquette University.