This translation and commentary on Xunzi's Tian Lun argues against naturalistic interpretations of Tian. Tracing the course of interpretation of Xunzi down to the present, discussing some of the influences that affected how he was understood, and raising questions about some contemporary revisionary attempts, Machle suggests unusual lines of interpretation.
Edward J. Machle is Professor Emeritus at the University of Colorado, Boulder.
"Philosophically it is more sophisticated than any other English-language work on Xunzi. The Tian Lun Pian is one of the most important of Xunzi's writings, and whereas other scholars give us a menu, Machle gives us the meal. The translation is accurate; the prose limpid; and the commentary is philosophically superior in every way to the others." — Henry Rosemont, Jr., St. Mary's College of Maryland