Qurʾan and Its Interpreters, The, Volume 1

By Mahmoud M. Ayoub

Subjects: Islam
Paperback : 9780791465226, 290 pages, June 1984
Hardcover : 9780873957274, 290 pages, June 1984

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Table of contents

Notes on Style
Key to Sources

Scope, Method, and Sources
The Qur'an and Its Bearers
The Principles and Development of Tafsir

Surat al-Fatihah (The Opening)
Occasion of Revelation and Titles of Surat al-Fatihah
The Excellences of Surat al-Fatihah
Verses of Surat al-Fatihah
Tafsir: Verse 1
Verse 2
Verses 3-4
Verses 5-6
Verse 7

Surat al-Baqarah (The Cow)
Occasion of Revelation and Titles of Surat al-Baqarah
Excellences of Surat al-Baqarah
Tafsir: Verse 1
Verse 2
Verses 3-14
Verses 15-24
Verses 25-29
Verses 30-39
Verses 40-49
Verses 50-61
Verses 62-66
Verses 67-73
Verses 74-80
Verses 81-85
Verses 86-87
Verses 88-93
Verses 94-98
Verses 99-102
Verses 103-104
Verses 105-108
Verses 109-113
Verses 114-123
Verses 124-134
Verse 135
Verses 136-138
Verses 139-142
Verses 143-150
Verses 151-157
Verse 158
Verses 159-163
Verses 164-172
Verses 173-182
Verses 183-187
Verses 188-195
Verses 196-203
Verses 204-209
Verses 210-212
Verse 213
Verses 214-225
Verses 226-237
Verses 238-239
Verses 240-245
Verses 246-251
Verses 252-254
Verses 255-257
Verses 258-260
Verses 261-274
Verses 275-281
Verses 282-286

Arabic Sources Consulted
Bibliography of Major Words on the Qur'an in Western Languages


The Qur'an and Its Interpreters introduces the Western reader to the Qur'an as Muslims have understood it.

The record of the Qur'an in the community as a force shaping the life of Muslims can be most clearly discerned through the vast literature of interpretation known as tafsir. This multivolume work is based on a large number of tafsir sources, representing all the major religious schools and stages of Muslim history for the last one thousand years. It will cover the entire Qur'an.

This first volume consists of an introduction to the science and sources of interpretation of the Qur'an and the first two surahs of the Qur'an. The treatment is comprehensive and thorough. While the work is based entirely on primary sources, this volume includes a substantial bibliography of works on the Qur'an in Western languages.

The Qur'an is the word of God as it was revealed to the prophet Muhammad, interiorized by the community, then shaped into an earthly book whose original archetype is with God. Dr. Ayoub concerns himself not with the history of the Qur'an, but with the way it was collected and fixed into an official codex, the recension of which has voiced the community's prayers and devotions, set its legal norms and moral standards, and occupied its best minds for more than thirteen hundred years.

Mahmoud M. Ayoub is research associate and associate professor, Center for Religious Studies, University of Toronto, Canada.


"Dr. Ayoub's work seems to be a pioneering one but, indeed, promises to go a long way in filling a great need. " — Fazlur Rahman, The University of Chicago

"It is well organized and presented and reads smoothly. Thus it is well suited to serve as a companion reference work to the Qur'an, especially for the non-Arabic-speaking reader and scholar interested in the religious significance of the Qur'an for Muslims. " — Wilfred F. Madelung, The Oriental Institute, University of Oxford