The Philosophy of Mulla Sadra Shirazi

By Fazlur Rahman

Subjects: Philosophy
Paperback : 9780791458525, 277 pages, June 1976
Hardcover : 9780873953009, 277 pages, June 1976

Alternative formats available from:

Table of contents

Introduction

A. Mulla Sadra and the Character of His Philosophy
B. Sadra's Sources and His Originality

 

1. General
2. Sadra's predecessors
3. Evaluation

 

C. Sadra's Works and His Influence

PART I. ONTOLOGY

I. The Metaphysics of Existence

 

A. Existence
B. Controversy with the "Essentialists"
C. Systematic Ambiguity (Tashkik) of Existence
D. Tension between Monism and Plualism

 

II. Essence

III. Cause I: Nature of Causation

 

A. Cause-Effect Relationship
B. Impossibility of Causal Regress

 

IV. Cause II: God-World Relationship

 

A. Efficient Cause and Final Cause
B. God-World Relationship

 

V. Movement, Time, and World-Order

 

A. Movement
B. Time
C. World-Order

PART II. THEOLOGY

I. God's Nature

 

A. Proof of God's Existence
B. God as pure existence
C. God's Unity

 

II. God's Attributes - I

 

A. God's Being and Attributes
B. Knowledge

 

III. God's Attributes - II

A. Power and Will

 

1. A survey of Alternative Views
2. Sadra's Criticism of These Views and His Position
3. Relationship of God's Will to man
4. Docrines of Bada (change of Mind in God), Naskh (Abrogation of Laws) and Taraddud (reluctant decision)

 

B. Divine Speech and Revelation

PART III. PSYCHOLOGY: MAN AND HIS DESTINY

I. Nature of the Soul

II. Theory of Knowledge - I

 

A. General Considerations
B. The Prblem of "Mental Existence (al-wujud al-dhihni)"

 

III. Theory of Knowledge - II: Perception and Imagination

 

A. External Sense
B. Internal Sense: Imagination and Wahm

 

IV. Theory of Knowledge - III: The Intellect

 

A. Introduction
B. The Problem of Abstraction
C. Ibn Sina on the "Simple Intellect"
D. Identity of the Intellect and the Intelligible

 

V. Eschatology

 

A. Impossibility of Transmigration
B. Proofs of an Afterlife
C. The Nature of Afterlife

 

Epilogue

Subject Index

Index of Proper Names

Explores the philosophy of Mulla Sadra Shirazi.

Description

Mulla Sadra Shirazi emerges as an original philosopher who had a sure understanding of his Greek and Islamic predecessors. He is worthy of study by scholars concerned with the development of Islamic philosophy because of his attempt to reconcile various currents of Islamic philosophical thought, particularly the peripatetic tradition of Ibn Arabi. Modern existentialists will be interested in his basic concern with the reality of existence and the unreality of essences or general notions.