Transformation of Austrian Socialism,The
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As most political observers know, the powerful socialist parties of Western and Central Europe are facing a profound crisis due to their departure from the Marxist slogans of their youth and their increasing inability to define the meaning of "socialist" goals in the prosperous mixed economy of individual enterprise and welfare state now in full blast in most European countries.
In Dr. Shell's judgment the Austrian Socialist Party exhibits this transformation most clearly. A modern "mass" party, containing more then ten per cent of the entire Austrian population as dues-paying members, it is no longer full of the sound and fury of Marxist class-war slogans. Instead, its traditional labels conceal a loss of direction, of clear sense of mission, and of the "State within a State" function originally envisaged.
In tracing its history, its personalities, and achievements from World War I to the present day, Dr. Shell presents a complete and authoritative picture not only of the Austrian Socialist Party, but of what may well be the shape of things to come in the other Socialist parties of Central and Western Europe.
Kurt L. Shell, recently Assistant Professor of Political Science at Harpur College of the State University of New York, and presently at the Institute for Political Science at the Free University of Berlin, was born in Vienna in 1920. Forced to emigrate by the Nazi occupation of Austria, he worked in a London bakery before serving the U. S. Army on the Italian front. After the war, he studied and received his bachelor's and master's degrees at Columbia University, taught at the University of Minnesota, returned to Columbia as instructor in Public Law and Government, and in 1955 received his Ph. D. after a leave of absence to do research in Vienna. He was guest lecturer at Cornell in 1958 and Fulbright Professor at the Paedagogische Hochschule in Berlin in 1959.
He is the author of a number of articles and is now working in West Berlin on a new book. In response to a question about his personal life, he responded: "Married, no children, two cats. "