How cholera epidemics affected Victorian perceptions of the body and the nation.
Drawing from sermons, novels, newspaper editorials, poetry, medical texts, and the writings of social activists, Cholera and Nation explores how the coming of the cholera epidemics during a period of intense political reform in Britain set the terms by which the social body would be defined. In part by historical accident, epidemic disease and especially cholera became foundational to the understanding of the social body. As the healthy body was closely tied to a particular vision of nation and modernity, the unhealthy body was proportionately racialized and othered. In turn, epidemic disease could not be separated from issues of social responsibility, political management, and economic unrest, which perpetually threatened the nation and its identity. For the rest of the century, the emergent field of public health would be central to the British national imaginary, defining the nation's civilization and modernity by its sanitary progress.
Pamela K. Gilbert is Professor of English at the University of Florida. Her books include Mapping the Victorian Social Body; Imagined Londons; and Beyond Sensation: Mary Elizabeth Braddon in Context (coedited with Marlene Tromp and Aeron Haynie), all published by SUNY Press.
"…richly diverse: the book extends well beyond the often limited reach of medical histories into popular and social response and into Church and doctrinal writings. " — Victorian Studies
"…Gilbert's commentary on the four cholera epidemics that besieged Britain between 1832 and 1866 registers the important exchanges occurring between Victorian religious, political, and medical discourses … her discussion is remarkable for its astute attention to important schools of criticism and their critics (from postcolonialism and Homi Bhabha to psychoanalysis and Julia Kristeva) … the book brings together crucial sources that will be starting points for anyone interested in studying the rhetorical interdependence of Victorian health and various social factions. " — CHOICE
"This is a very skillful example of historically sound literary criticism; it combines attention to narrative with relevant historical contextualization, and offers a detailed account of the literary history of a subject not commonly treated through literature. This is innovative and complements more conventional historical work on the subject of public health and medicine in the Victorian period. " — Antoinette Burton, editor of Archive Stories: Facts, Fictions, and the Writing of History