Part One The Significance of History: Social, Political, Economic, Military, and Intellectual Considerations
Chapter One The Challenge of Ascendancy and Decline
Chapter Two The Nationalist and Socialist Challenge
Chapter Three The Zionist Challenge
Chapter Four The Case of a Qur'anic Exegete
Chapter Five The Case of the Feminist Movement
Conclusion Towards an Islamic Response to the Challenge of History
Part Two The Significance of History: The Perspective of Neo-Normative Arab Muslims
Chapter Six The Apologetic Response
Chapter Seven The Traditional Response
Chapter Eight The Intellectualist Response
Chapter Nine The Qur'anic Foundation
Chapter Ten The Use of Western Sources
Conclusion Towards an Islamic Understanding of History
A. History Is Humanity's Way to God by Mahmud al-Sharqawi.
B. The Philosophy of Islamic History by Anwar al-Jundi.
C. History as the Interpretation of Events by Sayyid Qutb.
D. Basic Principles of Islamic History by 'Abd al-Rahman al-Hajji.
E. Islam Looks at History by Muhammad Kamal Ibrahim Ja'far.
F. Factors That Influence History by Rashid al-Barrawi.
G. The Qur'anic Interpretation of History by 'Imad al-Din Khalil.