The Harrowing of Hell

By Marcus J. Smith

Subjects: History
Paperback : 9780791425268, 313 pages, March 1995
Hardcover : 9780791425251, 313 pages, March 1995

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Table of contents




Part I. The Beginning

1. Back to School
2. The Dragon's Teeth
3. Increased Resistance
4. DP Team 115

Part II. The First Camp

6. The Indigenous Authority
7. The Slaves
8. The Russians
9. Population Changes
10. Dusty Days
11. New Orders
12. Camaraderie

Part III. Dachau: The First Week

13. Liberation
14. The Inspection
15. Priorities
16. The Famish'd People
17. Camp Fever
18. The IPC, the Visitors, and the "Pigs"
19. The Burial Detail
20. The Last Days of Dachau
21. Dr. Ali Kuci

Part IV. Dachau: The Turning Point

22. Friction
23. Good News and Bad News
24. Research
25. The Warehouses
26. The Rabbits, the Plantage, the Chapel, and the Women
27. Complaint Department
28. Homeward Bound
29. The Townspeople
30. Vacation
31. Departure


A. Loose Ends
B. The Special Prisoners
C. Postscript: 1972

References and Notes

A U. S. Army doctor describes the fight to save 32,000 survivors of Dachau.


Marcus Smith was the sole medical officer attached to a small displaced person (DP) team that was sent to the Dachau concentration camp the day after it was liberated by Allied troops and several days before the shocking conditions of the camp were publicized throughout the world.

Several years after his experience at Dachau, believing that we must never forget what happened, Smith unearthed his notes and the daily letters he wrote to his wife and used them as source materials for Dachau: The Harrowing of Hell. From the perspective of a young physician, Smith describes his experiences, shedding light on the immense difficulties and complexities of the large-scale tasks the small DP team completed, against great odds, to combat epidemic diseases and starvation and repatriate the former prisoners. Smith also describes some of the people the team tried to help—men, women, and children from all walks of life, of many nationalities and religions. Smith tells his moving story objectively, with simplicity and grace.

While this book is the story of man's inhumanity to man, it is more than an account of Nazi persecution. It is about how Smith, whose previous experience had not prepared him for the immense horror of what he encountered at Dachau, quickly became a public health expert; how a small team improvised relief and combated a typhus epidemic; and how the soldiers of different countries had to get along with each other while dealing with the prejudices of some of the displaced people they were trying to help.

Dachau contains six drawings by noted European artist Zoran Music, who was arrested by the Gestapo in Venice in 1944 and incarcerated at Dachau. The drawings were given to Smith when he left Dachau.

Marcus J. Smith, a radiologist in private practice in Santa Fe, New Mexico between 1948 and 1976, was awarded the Bronze Star for his work at Dachau in May 1945; a month later, he was promoted to Captain. He served on the editorial board of the Rocky Mountain Medical Journal and its successor, the Western Journal of Medicine. He is the author of Error and Variation in Diagnostic Radiology, and during the last ten years before his death, researched and wrote about the history of medicine in New Mexico.