Expectation of the Millennium

Shiʿism in History

Edited by Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Hamid Dabashi, and Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

Subjects: Islam
Paperback : 9780887068447, 494 pages, April 1989
Hardcover : 9780887068430, 494 pages, April 1989

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Table of contents


Note to the Reader


List of Abbreviations

Notes on Contributors

Introduction (Seyyed Hossein Nasr)

I. Shi'i Political Doctrines

Chapter 1. Imamate
Karl-Heinrich Goböl

Chapter 2. Messianism and the Mahdi
' allamah Tabatabat't
Jassim M. Hussain
Abdulaziz A. Sachedina

Chapter 3. Martyrdom
Abdulaziz A. Sachedina
Hamid Enayat

Chapter 4. Jihad
'allamah Al-Hilli

II. Authority, Law and Society in Shic ism

Chapter 5. The Shi'i Principles of Jurisprudence
Hossein Modarressi Tabataba'i

Chapter 6. Ruler and Society
Imam 'ali
Sulayman Kattani

Chapter 7. Political Theory and Practice
Ann K. Lambton
Said Amir Arjomand

Chapter 8. Economic Theories and Practices
Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Sadr
Ayatollah Sayyid Mahmud Taliqani

III. Shi'ism in History

Chapter 9. The Historical Growth of Shi'ism
'allamah Tabatabat

Chapter 10. The Buyid Era
Marshall Hodgson

Chapter 11. The Safavid Era
Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Roger Savory
Said Amir Arjomand
Albert Hourani

Chapter 12. The Qajar Era
Said Amir Arjomand
Hamid Algar

Chapter 13. The Pahlavi Era
Shahrough Akhavi
Said Amir Arjomand

IV. Shic i Minorities in the Islamic World

Chapter 14. Shi'ism in the Indian Subcontinent
John Hollister
Annemarie Schimmel

Chapter 15. Shi'ism in the Arab World
Michel Mazzaoui
Helena Cobban
Hanna Batatu

Chapter 16. Shi'ism in Turkey
Metin And

Chapter 17. Shi'ism in East Africa
Jan Knappert

V. Shi'ism in the Modern World: Early Political Ideas

Chapter 18. The Usuli-Akhbari Controversy
Mangol Bayat
Ahmad Kazemi Moussavi

Chapter 19. Early Propagation of Wilayat-i Faqih and Mulla Ahmad Naraqi
Hamid Dabashi

Chapter 20. The Tobacco Rebellion and Haji Mirza Hasan Shirazi
Edward G. Browne
Nikki R. Keddie

Chapter 21. The Debates Over the Constitutional Revolution
Hamid Enayat
Shaykh Muhammad Husayn Na'ini
Abdul-Hadi Hairi
Shaykh Fadlullah Nuri

VI. Shi'ism in the Modern World: Later Political Ideas

Chapter 22. Ayatollah Sayyid Ruhullah Musawi Khumayni and Wilayat-i Faqih
Hamid Enayat
Mangol Bayat
Ayatollah Sayyid Ruhullah Musawi Khumayni

Chapter 23. 'Ali Sharic ati
Shahrough Akhavi
Hamid Dabashi
'Ali Sharic ati

Chapter 24. Ayatollah Murtada Mutahhari
Ayatollah Murtada Mutahhari

Chapter 25. Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Sadr
Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Sadr

Chapter 26. Imam Musa Sadr
Fouad Ajami



This is an anthology on the history, politics, and social aspects of Shi'ism including translations of original sources. It examines the historical development of Shi'ism, Shi'i political thought, the status of Shi'i minority communities in the Muslim world, and the life and works of prominent social and political thinkers. The book assesses the extent of the politicization process in Shi'ism in recent years and addresses that important question of the Shi'i attitude towards authority.

Seyyed Hossein Nasr is University Professor of Islamic Studies at George Washington University. Hamid Dabashi is Lecturer in the Department of Sociology at the University of Pennsylvania. Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.