Gleanings in Europe


By James Fenimore Cooper
Text by Constance Ayers Denne
Introduction by John Conron, Constance Ayers Denne
Notes by John Conron, and Constance Ayers Denne

Subjects: European History
Series: The Writings of James Fenimore Cooper
Paperback : 9780873954600, 424 pages, June 1983
Hardcover : 9780873953658, 424 pages, June 1981

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Table of contents



Historical Introduction


Gleanings in Europe: Italy

Explanatory Notes

Appendix A. Bentley's analytical Table of Contents

Appendix B. Guide to parallel passages in 1828 Journal and expanded 1837 Text

Textual Commentary

Textual Notes


Rejected Readings




Describing Italy as "the only region of the earth that I truly love," James Fenimore Cooper used the style of picturesque impressionism to convey his vision of Italy as the microcosm of an ordered and a beautiful world.

In theory, the picturesque style of writing could produce verbal sketches that embodied a visual complexity similar to that of the great Baroque and Romantic landscape paintings. In practice, the hundreds of travel books written in the picturesque style in the early 1900s communicated rapturous enthusiasm with blurred or even false reports of actual scenes. Cooper, with his scrupulous fidelity to the seen world, intended to alter this practice decisively.

The response of his imagination to the light, color, forms, artifacts and figures of the Italian landscape and to the manifold significances they embody follows in joyful appreciation of the land, culture and people of a country that induced in him the desire "to enjoy the passing moment. "

In Italy, Cooper refrained from commenting on politics, though he was an incorrigibly political man who responded to an insistent need to define the New World in defining the Old. The independence of his observations drew censure from American reviewers of the 1830s, who could not comprehend that his preference for the Bay for Naples over New York Harbor reflected his intellectual passion to rise above nationalistic feelings in matters of taste, morality and justice.