Love, Rōshi

Robert Baker Aitken and His Distant Correspondents

By Helen J. Baroni

Subjects: Buddhism, Religion, Zen Buddhism, American Religion, American Culture
Paperback : 9781438443782, 216 pages, July 2013
Hardcover : 9781438443775, 216 pages, October 2012

Alternative formats available from:

Table of contents

List of Tables
Preliminary Matters

1. Setting the Stage: Aitken and the Context of Zen in America
Part I: Distant Correspondents Write to the Rōshi

2. Why People Write
3. Patterns of Zen Practice among the Distant Correspondents
4. Areas of Special Concern Raised by Distant Correspondents
5. Special Constituencies within the Distant Correspondents
Part II: The Rōshi Responds
6. Robert Aitken’s Zen Ministry by Mail
7. These Words Are Your Words: Patterns in Aitken’s Responses to his Distant Correspondents

Robert Baker Aitken’s correspondence with Buddhist sympathizers and solo practitioners reveals a significant, little-understood aspect of American Buddhism.


Love, Roshi explores the relationship between Robert Baker Aitken (1917–2010), American Zen teacher and author, and his distant correspondents, individuals drawn to Zen teachings and practice through books. Aitken, founder of the Honolulu Diamond Sangha, promoted Zen to a wide audience in works such as Taking the Path of Zen and The Mind of Clover. Aitken's twentieth-century American Zen valued social justice and was compatible with work and family life.

Helen J. Baroni makes use of Aitken's extensive correspondence preserved in an archive at the University of Hawaii to provide a window to view the beliefs and practices of the least-studied—and a difficult to study—segment of the Western Buddhist community, Buddhist sympathizers and solo practitioners. The book looks at the concerns of these correspondents, which included questions on meditation, dealing with isolation as a Buddhist, finding teachers and disillusion with teachers, and being a Buddhist in prison, among a myriad of other matters. The writers' letters reveal much about their notion of Zen and their image of a "Zen master. " Coverage of Aitken's responses provides insight into the accommodation of solo practitioners and into the development of a particular strain of American Buddhism.

Helen J. Baroni is Associate Professor of Religion at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa. She is the author of Iron Eyes: The Life and Teachings of Ōbaku Zen Master Tetsugen Dōkō, also published by SUNY Press.