Naturalism and Subjectivism
Alternative formats available from:
This book will assist readers of philosophical literature to understand and to appraise a large section of the controversial philosophical thought of our time. The central theme is the conflict between naturalism and idealism. The idealist philosophy is considered in its historical outcome of subjectivism, as developed in the phenomenological movement. The use of phenomenology is discussed as a general philosophy, as well as with respect to representative philosophies of human existence. The naturalistic view of experience as represented by Dewey is contrasted with the subjectivistic treatment of "pure" experience which is taken to be somehow "prior" to nature.
"Since 1939 when he played the leading role in founding the International Phenomenological Society, Marvin Farber has established his position as the outstanding American expositor, interpreter, and critic of Edmund Husserl's phenomenology. The present volume … is the most recent addition to the author's already impressive list of published studies of phenomenology. In this work he is concerned with the tension between naturalism and idealism in its historical outcome of subjectivism, as developed in the phenomenological movement … Subjectivism he defines as a general philosophical position having as its principle the primacy of the experiencing being—a position exemplified by Husserl's transcendental idealism, the anti-naturalistic philosophy of Max Scheler and the existentialism of Martin Heidegger. But this book is more than an essay in the history of 20th-century German philosophy; it is also a criticism of important aspects of that philosophy. The theme of this criticism is that the subjective feature of phenomenology is neither philosophically defensible nor a necessary consequence of phenomenology as a descriptive and analytic method … Naturalism and Subjectivism, because of its scope and thoroughness, will henceforth be an indispensable part of the critical literature of phenomenology. " — Herman Brautigam in Philosophical Review