Set in Stone

Creating and Commemorating a Hudson Valley Culture

By Kenneth Shefsiek

Subjects: New York/regional, History
Paperback : 9781438464367, 314 pages, January 2018
Hardcover : 9781438464350, 314 pages, March 2017

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Table of contents

List of Maps, Tables, and Illustrations
Introduction: New Paltz: Into the Mix
1. The Walloons' English Town
2. I Give Devise and Bequeath: Gender, Property, and Ethnocultural Creolization
3. Halls, Windows, Hearths, and Barns: Architecture and Ethnic Culture
4. "French, Dutch, and Tolerable English": Language Use in Early New Paltz
5. Schism: Ecclesiastical Conflict in a Creolized Community
6. "The precious germ of civil and religion freedom"
7. Set in Stone


Challenges the belief that the Walloons and the Dutch of the Hudson Valley were cultural preservationists who resisted English culture.


Winner of the 2017 Hendricks Award presented by the New Netherland Institute

In 1678, seven French-speaking Protestant families established the village of New Paltz in the Hudson River Valley of New York. Life on the edge of European settlement presented many challenges, but a particular challenge for these ethnic Walloon families, originally from the southern Spanish Netherlands, was that they lived in a Dutch cultural region in an English colony. In Set in Stone, Kenneth Shefsiek explores how the founders and their descendants reacted to and perpetuated this multiethnic cultural environment for generations.

As the founding families controlled their town economically and politically, they creatively and selectively blended the cultures available to them. They allowed their Walloon culture to slip away early in the village's history, but they continued to combine Dutch and English cultures for more than 150 years. When they finally abandoned the last vestiges of Dutch culture in the early nineteenth century, they did so just as descendants of English colonists began to claim that the national commitment to liberty and freedom was grounded in the nation's English heritage. Not willing to be marginalized, descendants of the New Paltz Walloons constructed an alternative national narrative, placing their ancestors at the very center of the American story.

Kenneth Shefsiek is Assistant Professor of History at the University of North Carolina Wilmington.


"[Shefsiek] provides extensive endnotes and a bibliography that will be valuable to readers looking for original sources … [and] a great deal of interesting material and sources about lives of the people in this community." — New York Genealogical & Biographical Record

"Highly recommended." — CHOICE

"Shefsiek demonstrates clear command of this detailed history and presents it in a comprehensive and engaging format." — Hudson River Valley Review

"Kenneth Shefsiek demonstrates that he has a keen eye for detail, and this careful attention to the small things helps bring New Paltz's past to life. The book paints a surprising picture of one of the most intriguing communities in early America." — Andrew Lipman, author of The Saltwater Frontier: Indians and the Contest for the American Coast