The History of al-Ṭabarī Vol. 7

The Foundation of the Community: Muḥammad At Al-Madina A.D. 622-626/Hijrah-4 A.H.

Translated by M. V. McDonald
Notes by W. Montgomery Watt

Subjects: Islam
Series: SUNY series in Near Eastern Studies
Paperback : 9780887063459, 224 pages, August 1987
Hardcover : 9780887063442, 224 pages, August 1987

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Table of contents



Translator's Foreword

The Events of the Year 1 (622-623)

The First Friday Prayer

The Sermon of the Messenger of God at the First Friday Prayer

The Choice of a Site for Mosque and House

Deaths and Minor Events

The Marriage with `A'ishah

Further Reports Concerning This

Muslim Women Brought to Medina

Prayers of Travellers


Expedition Led by Hamzah

Expedition Led by `Ubayadah

Expedition Led by Sa`d b. Abi Waqqas

Expedition Led by Muhammad to al-Abwa'

Further Details About Expeditions

Expeditions Led by Muhammad

Affair of Abu Qays

The Events of the Year 2 (623-624)

Expeditions Led by the Messenger of God

`Ali and the Name Abu Turab

A Variant Account

`Ali Marries Fatimah

Expedition to Nakhlah

Questions After the Return to Medina

Expedition of Nakhlah—Another Account

Further Details About the Expedition of Nakhlah

Other Events of the Second Year of the Hijrah

The Change of Qiblah

Arrangements About Fasting

The Battle of Badr—the Date

The Account of the Greater Battle of Badr in the Letter of `Urwah

Another account

Account of Badr by Ibn Ishaq

The Dream of `Atikah, and the Relief Force

The Number of Muslims at Badr

The Advance of the Muslims to Badr

Abu Sufyan Takes Evasive Action

The Advance of Quraysh

Preparations and Discussions of Quraysh

The Fighting Begins

Abu Jahl and Other Meccan Dead

The Division of the Booty

The Return of the Muslims to Medina

News of Defeat Reaches Mecca

The Treatment of the Captives

The Release of Zaynab's Husband

Zaynab's Journey to Medina

The Conversion of Abu al-`As

The Conversion of `Umayr b. Wahb

Discussions About the Lawfulness of Taking Captives

The Campaign Against the Banu Qaynuqa`

Celebration of the First `Id al-Adha

Minor Expeditions—Dating

The Expedition of al-Sawiq (the Barley-Meal)

Other Events of the Year

The Events of the Year 3 (624-625)

The Story of Ka`b b. al-Ashraf

The Expedition to al-Qaradah

The Killing of Abu Rafi` the Jew

The Prophet Marries Hafsah

The Expedition to Uhud

The Fighting Begins

The Muslims Retreat

Mutilation of the Muslim Dead

Various Accounts Concerning Uhud

The Expedition of Hamra' al-Asad

The Sons of `Ali

The Events of the Year 4 (625-626)

The Expedition of al-Raji`

The Mission of `Amr b. Umayyah Against Abu Sufyan

Muhammad's Marriage to Zaynab bt. Khuzaymah

The Story of Bi'r Ma`unah

The Expulsion of the Banu al-Nadir

Other Events

The Expedition of Dhat al-Riqa`

The Expedition of al-Sawiq (or Badr al-Maw`id)

Other Events


Bibliography of Cited Works



The contents of this volume are extremely significant: The specific events in this earliest period set precedents for what later became established Islamic practice. The book deals with the history of the Islamic community at Medina during the first four years of the Islamic period--a time of critical importance for Islam, both as a religion and as a political community. The main events recounted by Ṭabarī are the battles between Muḥammad's supporters in Medina and their adversaries in Mecca. Ṭabarī also describes the rivalries and infighting among Muḥammad's early supporters, including their early relations with the Jewish community in Medina.