The Philosophy of Mullā Ṣadrā (Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Shirāzī)

By Fazlur Rahman

Subjects: Philosophy
Paperback : 9780791458525, 277 pages, June 1976
Hardcover : 9780873953009, 277 pages, June 1976

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Table of contents


A. Mulla Sadra and the Character of His Philosophy
B. Sadra's Sources and His Originality


1. General
2. Sadra's predecessors
3. Evaluation


C. Sadra's Works and His Influence


I. The Metaphysics of Existence


A. Existence
B. Controversy with the "Essentialists"
C. Systematic Ambiguity (Tashkik) of Existence
D. Tension between Monism and Plualism


II. Essence

III. Cause I: Nature of Causation


A. Cause-Effect Relationship
B. Impossibility of Causal Regress


IV. Cause II: God-World Relationship


A. Efficient Cause and Final Cause
B. God-World Relationship


V. Movement, Time, and World-Order


A. Movement
B. Time
C. World-Order


I. God's Nature


A. Proof of God's Existence
B. God as pure existence
C. God's Unity


II. God's Attributes - I


A. God's Being and Attributes
B. Knowledge


III. God's Attributes - II

A. Power and Will


1. A survey of Alternative Views
2. Sadra's Criticism of These Views and His Position
3. Relationship of God's Will to man
4. Docrines of Bada (change of Mind in God), Naskh (Abrogation of Laws) and Taraddud (reluctant decision)


B. Divine Speech and Revelation


I. Nature of the Soul

II. Theory of Knowledge - I


A. General Considerations
B. The Prblem of "Mental Existence (al-wujud al-dhihni)"


III. Theory of Knowledge - II: Perception and Imagination


A. External Sense
B. Internal Sense: Imagination and Wahm


IV. Theory of Knowledge - III: The Intellect


A. Introduction
B. The Problem of Abstraction
C. Ibn Sina on the "Simple Intellect"
D. Identity of the Intellect and the Intelligible


V. Eschatology


A. Impossibility of Transmigration
B. Proofs of an Afterlife
C. The Nature of Afterlife



Subject Index

Index of Proper Names

Explores the philosophy of Mulla Sadra Shirazi.


Mullā Ṣadrā Shirāzī emerges as an original philosopher who had a sure understanding of his Greek and Islamic predecessors. He is worthy of study by scholars concerned with the development of Islamic philosophy because of his attempt to reconcile various currents of Islamic philosophical thought, particularly the peripatetic tradition of Ibn ʿArabī. Modern existentialists will be interested in his basic concern with the reality of existence and the unreality of essences or general notions.