The Process of Democratization

By Georg Lukacs
Translated by Susanne Bernhardt & Norman Levine

Subjects: Continental Philosophy
Series: SUNY series in Contemporary Continental Philosophy
Paperback : 9780791407622, 179 pages, August 1991
Hardcover : 9780791407615, 179 pages, August 1992

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Table of contents



On the Transcendence of State and Revolution
Norman Levine

The Process of Democratization

Notes on the Translation

Preliminary Methodological Remarks

Part I. Bourgeois Democracy as a False Alternative for the Reform of Socialism

1. Democracy and Its Various Economic Formations

2. The Necessary Developmental Tendencies of Bourgeois Democratization

3. Bourgeois Democracy Today

Part II. The Pure Alternative: Stalinism or Socialist Democracy

4. Theoretic and Historic Presuppositions of a Concrete Problem

5. Stalin's Victory Over His Rivals

6. Stalin's Method

7. The Twentieth Congress and Its Consequences



Georg Lukacs's The Process of Democratization provides indispensable reading for an understanding of the revolution that swept Russia and Eastern Europe during 1989-1990. Lukacs, a spokesman for anti-Bolshevik communism, was the advance guard of anti-Stalinist reform. Written in the aftermath of the Prague Spring, his book was a precursor to many of the Gorbachev reforms.

Lukacs was the leading communist intellectual in the world until his death. During his last 15 years, he embarked upon a massive effort to revive Marxism as philosophy, as aesthetics, and as politics. The Process of Democratization was part of this attempt at a Marxist renaissance. He would probably be surprised to find that the Second Russian Revolution of 1989-1990 moved far beyond his reformism, overthrowing even the anti-Stalinist communism that he fought to retain.

Susanne Bernhardt is a translator and author residing in Berlin, Germany. Norman Levine is Adjunct Professor of History at the American Graduate School of International Management. He has written The Tragic Deception: Marx Contra Engels and Dialogue Within the Dialectic.