Weaving Ourselves into the Land

Charles Godfrey Leland, 'Indians,' and the Study of Native American Religions

By Thomas C. Parkhill

Subjects: American Studies
Series: SUNY series in Native American Religions
Paperback : 9780791434543, 238 pages, July 1997
Hardcover : 9780791434536, 238 pages, July 1997

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Table of contents



1. An Introduction to the Conversation: Charles G. Leland, and Naming

2. The Story of Kluskap and Malsum

3. The Making of "the Real Gospel of Manliness"

4. Raw Data and Cooked: Rendering "Indians" into Aryans

5. Of Conversations: Savagism, Primitivism, and the Use of the "Indian" Stereotype

6. Weaving Himself into the Landscape: Charles Leland's Use of the "Indian" Stereotype

7. In the Absence of the Wisdom of the Elders: The Contemporary Use of the "Indian" Stereotype

8. Reworking the "Indian" for Place: Scholars and Native Americans





Examines how both negative and positive stereotypes of the "Indian" have influenced the study of Native American religions.


CHOICE 1997 Outstanding Academic Books

It is now over half a millennium since the first sustained contact between the peoples of Europe and North America, yet Native Americans and especially their religious traditions still fascinate those who are not Native. In Weaving Ourselves into the Land, Thomas Parkhill argues that this fascination draws much more on a stereotype of the "Indian" than on the lives and history of actual Native Americans. This stereotype, whether used approvingly or disparagingly, has informed the work of authors writing about Native American religions for audiences with both general and professional interests. The figure of Charles Godfrey Leland plays an important part in Parkhill's investigation. Leland's 1884 collection of "legends" about the Micmac, Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, and Penobscot culture hero Kluskap becomes the touchstone for reflection on the larger study of Native American religions. The author argues that most scholars of these religions, including himself, continue to be—like Leland over a hundred years ago—bewitched by the stereotype of the "Indian."

Thomas C. Parkhill is Professor of Religious Studies at St. Thomas University, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada.


"Thom Parkhill's critique of positive stereotyping is much needed. His setting conceptions of 'the Indian' deeply in cultural history render his insights on this kind of stereotyping superior to anything currently in print on the subject." — Ron Grimes, Wilfrid Laurier University

"This is the first serious study that I have read concerning the impediments of American Indian religious studies. We must face our own baggage in understanding the religious lives of other peoples, and the author makes us do so.

"Parkhill's criticisms of my own work and the work of my colleagues are accurate, fair, and revealing. He has helped us to understand our own contexts, and he has earned our thanks." — Christopher Vecsey, Colgate University