A User's Guide to Community Entry for the Severely Handicapped

Edited by Ernest Pancsofar & Robert Blackwell

Subjects: Special Education
Series: SUNY series in Special Education
Paperback : 9780887060359, 182 pages, September 1985
Hardcover : 9780887060342, 182 pages, September 1985

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Table of contents



1. Philosophic Orientation


Criterion of Ultimate Functioning
Competence-Deviance Hypothesis
Least Restrictive Environment
Dignity of Risk
Ecological Orientation


2. Range of Residential Options


Community Living Alternatives
Evaluative Review of Sheltered Villages
Evaluative Review of Small Group Homes


3. Evaluation of Community-Living Options


Needs Assessment
Formative Evaluation
Cost Effectiveness


4. Financing a Residential Home


Funding Sources
Private Funding
Profit Funding
Local Agency Funding
Purchase of Service (State Funding)
Medicaid: Title XIX (Federal Funding)
Other Financial Considerations


5. Transitioning Residents from Previous Living Environments


Gradual Introduction to the Home
Preserving Some of the Old
Personalizing the New Home
Transferring Relevant Information
Establishing Personal Relationships
Understanding Special Needs
Trial Period for New Residents


6. Voluntary Community Resources


Coordinator: Volunteer Resource Personnel
Facility Needs: Potential Volunteer Assistance
Residential Advisory Board
Other Resource Personnel
Suggestions for Working with Volunteer Assistance
Organizational Plan for Establishing a Volunteer Program
Volunteer Program Forms


7. Instructional Strategies for Conducting Training Programs


Antecedent Change
Prompt Hierarchies
Least Prompting
Most Prompting
Time Delay
Modifying the Task Presentation
Adding and Fading of a Color Cue
Consequent Changes
Resident Reinforcement Survey


8. Domestic Living Skills


Current and Subsequent Domestic Living Inventories
Environmental Analysis for Household Cleaning Tasks
Safety Needs for Group Home Residents
Domestic Domain
State of the Art Resources


9. Leisure Time Activities


Overview/Suggestions for Leisure Time Programming
Leisure Time Activity Content Areas
Physical Fitness
Sample Instructional Formats for Selected Leisure Activities
Partial Participation in an Activity
Residents with Restricted Leisure Time Activities
Suggested Activities
Community Involved Program
A Final Thought


10. General Community Functioning


Interview Resident, Peers, and Primary Care Providers
Locate Specific Environments
Analyze Characteristics of Activities
Develop Date Sheets
Use Data Sheets in Specific Environments
Develop Task Analyses
Develop Training Strategies


11. Characteristics of Model Training Efforts Within Residential Settings


An Established Philosophy Statement
Domain Referenced Curriculum
Community-Based Activities
Interaction With Nonhandicapped Peers
Involvement of Citizen-Advocates and Neighbors
Systematic Instruction Strategies with Data Based Decision Procedures
Hierarchy of Documented Procedures for the Decrease of Aberrant Behavior
Regular Inservice Sessions to Update Staff on Current State-of-the-Art Knowledge
Daily Schedule for Each Resident
Use of Generic Medical Facilities and Community Services
Self-Evaluation Checklist





Once "warehoused" in institutions, many severely handicapped individuals are now living in community residences. Yet there are few resource materials available for those who face the difficult task of planning and operating these residences. A User's Guide to Community Entry for the Severely Handicapped offers practical guidance for creating the most home-like, least restrictive residential settings. Committed to the right of all individuals to live in their home community, Pancsofar and Blackwell address topics of vital concern to residential planners, administrators, and direct care personnel. The Guide covers administrative and programmatic issues, offering a wealth of suggestions, examples, forms, and checklists. It is a valuable special education textbook and reference work, and an excellent resource for families.

Ernest Pancsofar is Assistant Professor of Special Education at Bowling Green State University. Robert Blackwell is Professor of Special Education at Bowling Green State University.