China in Ethiopia

The Long-Term Perspective

By Aaron Tesfaye

Subjects: Political Science, Asian Studies, African Studies
Paperback : 9781438478340, 191 pages, January 2021
Hardcover : 9781438478357, 191 pages, April 2020

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Table of contents

List of Tables

China and Ethiopia: Analytical Framework
China and Africa: An Overview
Structure of the Book

1. China–Ethiopia Relations: Looking Back and Forward
Imperial Ethiopia and China: Pragmatic Relations, 1955–1974
The Military Regime and China: Fragile Solidarity, 1974–1991
China Returns to Ethiopia

2. Contemporary Chinese–Ethiopian Relations
Chinese Political Interests in Ethiopia
Chinese Security Interests in Ethiopia
Ethiopia's Modernization Interest in China

3. China and Ethiopia: Economic Relations
Nature of China–Ethiopia Economic Relations
Nature of Chinese Investment in Ethiopia
China–Ethiopia Trade Relations

4. China and Ethiopia: Strategic Partners
Strategic Elements in China–Ethiopia Relations
Chinese Foreign Assistance to Ethiopia
Ethiopia, China, and the Horn of Africa

5. China and Ethiopia: Long-Term Perspectives
Ethiopia and China's Belt and Road Initiative
Ethiopia's Development Plan, the BRI, and Regional Integration
China and Ethiopia: The Long-Term Perspective

6. Conclusion


Examines China’s involvement in Ethiopia as the latter embarks on modernization and economic development.


This comprehensive study of China-Ethiopia relations examines why China—an economic and emerging global power—has built relations with Ethiopia and why Ethiopia has responded by singling out China as a partner in its quest for economic development. Using middle-range theory and field research, Aaron Tesfaye focuses on three sets of phenomena: political, economic, and strategic. He explores the following questions: Why are China and Ethiopia building relations at this juncture of globalization? What motivates China's role in helping build Ethiopia's infrastructure, and is Ethiopia's debt to China sustainable? What can Ethiopia offer China in terms of strategic interest in the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea littoral, which is now the most sought out area for military bases by regional and international forces? Tesfaye argues that China's ability to meet Africa's tremendous demand for capital and technology is a reflection of its economic and military rise and evidence that the Asian Century has arrived, ushering in a new global reality.

Aaron Tesfaye is Professor of Political Science at William Paterson University. He is the author of State and Economic Development in Africa: The Case of Ethiopia; The Political Economy of the Nile Basin Regime in the Twentieth Century; and Political Power and Ethnic Federalism: The Struggle for Democracy in Ethiopia.


"…a neat overview of China-Ethiopia relations for students and researchers interested in international relations, political science and China-Africa studies in general. " — China Quarterly

"This is an excellent contribution to South-South relations in general, and China-Africa scholarship in particular. " — Edson Ziso, author of A Post State-Centric Analysis of China-Africa Relations: Internationalisation of Chinese Capital and State-Society Relations in Ethiopia