Islamic Theology and Philosophy

Studies in Honor of George F. Hourani

Edited by Michael E. Marmura

Subjects: Philosophy
Paperback : 9780873957472, 339 pages, June 1984
Hardcover : 9780873957465, 339 pages, June 1984

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Table of contents

Introduction: A Biographical Sketch of George F. Hourani and a Bibliography
Part One: Islamic Theology
1. Abu l-Hudhayl in Contact: The Genesis of an Anecdote
Josef: Van Ess (University of Tübingen)
2. Matériaux pour une bibliographie des Jubba'i: Note complémentaire
Daniel Gimaret (Sorbonne)
3. Bodies and Atoms: The Ash'arite Analysis
Richard M. Frank (The Catholic University of America)
4. Un ouvrage de kalam ash'arite attribué à un contemporain d'al-Juwayni
Marie Bernand (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris)
5. Rahman et Rahim dans les Lawami' al-bayyinat de Fakhr al-Din al-Razi
Georges C. Anawati (Institut Dominicain d'Etudes Orientales, Cairo)

Part Two: Islamic Philosophy
6. Isma'ili and Druze Cosmogony in Relation to Plotinus and Aristotle
Sami N. Makarem (American University of Beirut)
7. Siyasa in Islamic Political Philosophy
Fauzi M. Najjar (Michigan State University)
8. The Rhetorician and his Relationship to the Community: Three Accounts of Aristotle's Rhetoric
Charles E. Butterworth (University of Maryland)
9. The Subject-Matter of Metaphysics: Aristotle and Ibn Sina (Avicenna)
Majid Fakhry (American University of Beirut)
10. Ibn Sina on Single Expressions
Shams Inati (State University of New York at Buffalo)
11. Destiny Revisited: Avicenna's Concept of Determinism
Alfred L. Ivry (Brandeis University)
12. The Metaphysics of Efficient Causality in Avicenna (Ibn Sina)
Michael E. Marmura (University of Toronto)
13. Remarks on Averroes' Decisive Treatise
Muhsin Mahdi (Harvard University)
14. Eternity and Origination: Averroes' Discourse on the Manner of the World's Existence
Barry S. Kogan (Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati)
15. 'Abd al-Latif al-Baghadi's Epitome of the Kalam fi Mahd al-Khayr (Liber de Causis)
Richard C. Taylor (Marquette University)
16. Afdal al-Din Kashani and the Philosophical World of Khwaja Nasir al-Din Tusi
Seyyed Hossein Nasr (Temple University)
17. Theism, Mysticism and Scientific History in Ibn Khaldun
Fablou Shehadi (Rutgers University)



Some of the foremost living scholars in Islamic thought have come together to create a standard and definitive work on the subject of Islamic thought. Noted scholars from North America, Europe, and the Middle East offer new and generative interpretations of major themes in the field. They address perennial theological and philosophical questions: the nature of the God-head, the ultimate constitution of matter, the world's origin, causality, divine providence and the existence of evil, freedom and determinism, political wisdom, and the reaches of human knowledge, The contributions include historical and analytical expositions of these issues in medieval Islam as well as discussions of individual thinkers, translations of Arabic texts with commentary, comparisons of Greek and Islamic thought, and bibliographical and textual sources. As a whole, these essays offer a wealth of philosophical, theological, bibliographical, philological, and historical information.

Among the outstanding contributions are: an article by Charles Butterworth on Aristotle's rhetoric and how it was understood by al-Farabi, Avicenna and Averroes; Richard M. Frank's essay on the concepts of atoms and bodies, one of the most complex subjects in Islamic theology; and an article by Shams Inati on Ibn Sina and single expressions that discusses how language relates to mental processes and the unknown. Michael E. Marmura develops a new perspective on the subject of efficient causality, emphasizing the paradigmatic position of God's relationship to the world; Muhsin Mahdi analyzes a treatise of Averroes' that deals with the relationship between philosophy and law.

Michael E. Marmura is Professor and Chairman of the Department of Middle East and Islamic Studies at the University of Toronto.