Land, Value, Community

Callicott and Environmental Philosophy

Edited by Wayne Ouderkirk & Jim Hill

Subjects: Environmental Philosophy
Series: SUNY series in Environmental Philosophy and Ethics
Paperback : 9780791452301, 358 pages, January 2002
Hardcover : 9780791452295, 358 pages, January 2002

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Table of contents


Introduction: Callicott and Environmental Philosophy
Wayne Ouderkirk

Part I: The Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic

1. Ecological Morality and Nonmoral Sentiments
Ernest Partridge

2. How Green Is the Theory of Moral Sentiments?
John Barkdull

3. Ecological Science, Philosophy, and Ecological Ethics
Robert P. McIntosh

4. Biocentrism, Biological Science, and Ethical Theory
Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Part II: Intrinsic Value in Nature

5. Callicott on Intrinsic Value and Moral Standing in Environmental Ethics
Wendy Donner

6. Naturalizing Callicott
Holmes Rolston III

7. Epistemology and Environmental Values
Bryan Norton

Part III: Metaphysics and Metaethics

8. Environmental Ethics without a Metaphysics
Eugene C. Hargrove

9. Philosophy of Nature or Natural Philosophy? Science and Philosophy in Callicott's Metaphysics
Catherine Larrère

10. Quantum Physics, "Postmodern Scientific Worldview," and Callicott's Environmental Ethics
Clare Palmer

11. Minimal, Moderate, and Extreme Moral Pluralism
Peter S. Wenz

12. Callicott and Naess on Pluralism
Andrew Light

13. Beyond Exclusion: The Importance of Context in Ecofeminist Theory
Lori Gruen

Part IV: Challenging the Implications of the Land Ethic

14. Environmental Ethics and Respect for Animals
Angus Taylor

15. J. Baird Callicott's Critique of Christian Stewardship and the Validity of Religious Environmental Ethics
Susan Power Bratton

16. Callicott's Last Stand
Lee Hester, Dennis McPherson, Annie Booth, and Jim Cheney

17. The Very Idea of Wilderness
Wayne Ouderkirk

Part V: Callicott Responds

18. My Response
J. Baird Callicott


About the Contributors


Leading scholars critically assess the pioneering environmental philosophy of J. Baird Callicott.


Land, Value, Community provides an in-depth critical study of the theories of J. Baird Callicott, one of the world's foremost environmental philosophers. An international group of scholars representing philosophy, ecology, ecofeminism, Native American studies, political science, and religion studies critically assesses Callicott's contributions to environmental ethics and philosophy and presents alternative perspectives from their own work. Each section consists of several authors focusing on one aspect of Callicott's thought, raising questions not only for Callicott but also for anyone affected by environmental issues. A noteworthy feature of the book is Callicott's own response to his critics. This volume allows readers to explore multiple avenues in their search for answers to the significant philosophical questions raised by environmental problems.

Wayne Ouderkirk is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Mentor at the State University of New York Empire State College, and Jim Hill is Professor of Philosophy at Valdosta State University.


"This collection of works on (and by) Callicott clearly depicts the current lay of the environmental ethics landscape and its ever-widening, open-ended future. What emerges from the articles taken together is a sketch of environmental ethics in what will have been its early history as loosely oriented around Callicott's work. " — Environmental Ethics

"Since Callicott is one of the most important figures in the field of environmental philosophy, and one of the main disciples of Leopold's 'land ethic,' any study of his work is extremely helpful to scholars in the field. The four basic units—analyzing Callicott's work in terms of science, intrinsic value theory, metaphysics, and practical implications—have been carefully planned to give both an in-depth analysis of the main issues in Callicott's work and a broad overview of its influence and importance. " — Eric Katz, New Jersey Institute of Technology, coeditor of Beneath the Surface: Critical Essays in the Philosophy of Deep Ecology

"A major strength of the book is the fact that there are many contributors analyzing elements of Callicott's land ethics within the context of different philosophical contexts. This enables the readers to see both divergence and congruence of viewpoints. " — John Lemons, coeditor of Ecological Sustainability and Integrity: Concepts and Approaches