The Fatah-Hamas Rift

An Analysis of Failed Negotiations

By Gadi Hitman

Subjects: Middle East Politics, Political Psychology, Peace, Religion And Politics, Israel Studies
Hardcover : 9781438487038, 222 pages, January 2022
Paperback : 9781438487045, 222 pages, July 2022

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Table of contents


1. Theoretical Framework for Negotiation

2. The National Palestinian Ethos

3. The Political-Security Escalation within the Palestinian Authority

4. Mecca Agreement, February 2007

5. Sana'a Declaration, March 2008

6. Cairo Agreement, 2009

7. Cairo Dialogue, April 2011

8. Doha Agreement, 2012

9. Cairo Accord, 2013

10. Al-Shati Agreement, 2014

11. Cairo Agreement, October 2017



Analyzes the relationship between the Palestinian Authority and Hamas since 2007, a period of time that has been marked by the parties' continual failure to end political disagreements and formulate a common national vision.


How did two national movements—which both share the same national ethos based on territorial and human elements and the same history—fail to reach an agreement that would unite their forces to realize their aspirations? Both sides recall the Nakba (catastrophe), the term for the defeat in the 1948 war and the subsequent Palestinian exodus. They also both emphasize issues such as the victimization of refugees, widows, and orphans; the sanctity of Jerusalem and Palestine; the contributions of shuhadaa (martyrs) to the national struggle still in progress; and the suffering of the prisoners in Israeli jails. Despite this joint confrontation with the same opponent—Israel—Fatah leaders (the organization whose people are the foundation of the Palestinian Authority) and Hamas have failed to find a path to reconciliation. Examining the Palestinian internal question from an original angle, The Fatah-Hamas Rift analyzes the many rounds of negotiations and seeks to explain this failure, with a focus on the decade after 2007.

Gadi Hitman is Assistant Professor of Middle Eastern Studies at Ariel University in Israel. He is coauthor (with Alexander Bligh) of National Schism and Civil Integration: Mutual Relations between the Israeli Central Government and the Israeli Arab Palestinian Minority and the author of Israel and Its Arab Minority, 1948–2008: Dialogue, Protests, Violence.


"This work contributes to our understanding of the rivalry between Fatah and Hamas, identifies what occurs (and has occurred) behind the scenes, and attempts to locate these original insights within the field of social science. The book's methodology and structure properly contextualize the subject matter. To my knowledge, this is the only research examining the relationship between these Palestinian factions." — Haim Koren, Herzliya Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), was Israel's Ambassador to Egypt (2014–2016) and first Ambassador to South Sudan