The Organization of Hope

Communities Planning Themselves

By Howell S. Baum

Subjects: Sociology Of Organization
Series: SUNY series in Urban Public Policy
Paperback : 9780791431948, 318 pages, January 1997
Hardcover : 9780791431931, 318 pages, January 1997

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Table of contents


PART 1. The Question of Community

1. Introduction

2. The Baltimore Jewish Community, The Associated, and Strategic Planning

3. Southeast Baltimore, the South East Community Organization, and Southeast Community Planning

4 Community, Identity, and Planning

PART 2. Setting Community Boundaries

5. Setting Jewish Community Boundaries: The Affiliated and the Unaffiliated

6. Permeable Southeast Boundaries: Dumping, Loss, and the Decline of Ethnicity

7. Establishing the Boundaries: Investing and Regenerating

PART 3. Defining Good Community Membership

8. Defining the Jewish Community and Good Membership: The Orthodox and the Non-Orthodox

9. The Orthodox, the Non-Orthodox, and Strategic Planning: The Case of Jewish Education

10. Consensus Decision Making

11. Defining Good Membership in Southeast Baltimore: Good-Heartedness, Homeownership, and the Problem of Race

12. Homeownership and Community Preservation

PART 4. Managing Resources

13. Resources in the Jewish Community: The Wealthy and the Nonwealthy

14. Setting Community Priorities

15. Other People's Money: The Challenges of Implementation in Southeast

PART 5 Continuing the Community

16. Continuing the Jewish Community: Older Generations and Younger Generations

17. Continuing the Southeast Community: Old-Timers, Newcomers, and Schools

PART 6 Community, Organizations, Planning, and the City

18. Community Identities

19. Community Organizations Planning for Community

20. Communities and the City




Analyzes the future of urban communities and presents models for community planning, taking into account different classes, ethnicities, and cultures.


The Organization of Hope tells the stories of a Jewish community and a white ethnic community as they plan for their futures. Though they differ in class, ethnicity, and culture, they struggle with the same questions: What identity will hold their communities together? How can they plan for their communities' economic, social, and spiritual survival? The book analyzes the future of urban communities, and presents models for community planning.

Howell S. Baum is Professor in the Urban Studies and Planning Program at the University of Maryland, College Park. He is the author of Organizational Membership: Personal Development in the Workplace, also published by SUNY Press.


"In this book, Baum is our own American de Tocqueville who sees nuance, conflict, ambivalence, and value clashes at every community level. If things are not what they seem—or what we would ideologically like them to be—they are in Baum's hands sadly, even tragically, real. Though we still do not know exactly what 'community' is, the fact that people yearn for it suffices to make the subject compelling and the last words of the book emotionally as well as intellectually lasting. The book is in a class by itself." — Howard F. Stein, University of Oklahoma

"Baum's work describes how one of the central cultural ambiguities and tensions in our society—community attachment and individual autonomy—plays itself out in the effort to purposely organize and plan community activity. He takes the reader beyond the dualistic concept of community that often accompanies our current ambivalence and uses details of the cases to show how individuals collaborate in different ways to make the boundaries, define the membership, and manage the resources of the community.

Baum offers a provocative and refreshing approach to the topic of community. He combines the study of a place community and a cultural community, identifying unexpected commonalities, while recasting familiar and often stereotypical differences in a more complex fashion. His narrative redescribes familiar relationships in ways that introduce new questions and new opportunities for purposeful planned action." — Charles Hoch, College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs, University of Illinois at Chicago.