Women, State, and Ideology
Studies from Africa and Asia
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Women, State, and Ideology examines the underlying ideologies that make female subordination a universal experience. It analyzes government policies directed at women in African and Asian countries. It argues, too, that ideologies which oppress women are removed only by prolonged struggle—and then only after fundamental political and social changes have been made.
The authors evaluate different policies aimed at women in Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Ghana, Iran, Malaysia, China, India, Israel, and Vietnam. Despite different political, social, and economic conditions, there exists a general assumption that women should be responsible for domestic duties. Drawing on new research, the authors indicate that these different national contexts require separate emphases and tactics. One common factor is clear, however—that despite many setbacks, a growing consciousness exists among women, as well as increased opposition to oppressive measures.
Haleh Afshar is Lecturer in Economics at the University of Bradford and is currently on assignment at the Centre for Health Economics, University of York.