Happiness as Enterprise
An Essay on Neoliberal Life
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Examines the contemporary discourse on happiness through the lens of governmentality theory.
Recent decades have seen an explosion of interest in the phenomenon of happiness, as evidenced by self-help books, talk shows, spiritual mentoring, business management, and relationship counseling. At the center of this development is the expanding influence of "positive psychology," which places the concern with happiness in a new position of professional respectability, while opening it to institutional applications. In settings as diverse as college education, business, military training, family, and financial planning, happiness has appeared as the object of a new technology of emotional self-optimization. As such, happiness has come to define a new mentality of self-government—or a "governmentality" as the concept is developed in the work of Michel Foucault—one that Sam Binkley demonstrates is aligned closely with economic neoliberalism. Happiness as Enterprise blends theoretical argumentation and empirical description in an engaging and accessible analysis that brings governmentality theory into contact with sociological theories of practice and temporality, particularly in the work of Pierre Bourdieu. This book invites readers not only to consider the new discourse on happiness for its relation to contemporary formations of power, but to rethink many of the assumptions of governmentality theory in a manner sensitive to the mundane practices and everyday agencies of government, and the unique and specific temporalities these practices imply.
Sam Binkley is Associate Professor of Sociology at Emerson College. He is the author of Getting Loose: Lifestyle Consumption in the 1970s and the coeditor (with Jorge Capetillo-Ponce) of A Foucault for the 21st Century: Governmentality, Biopolitics, and Discipline in the New Millennium.
"…an insightful book … a brilliant provocation to rethink the concepts of immanence, transcendence, and intensification that haunt the experience of life in late capitalist societies." — Capital and Class
"Binkley is not the first to suggest that the new happiness ethos dovetails neatly with neoliberalism … What distinguishes Binkley's analysis from the preceding commentary is his Foucauldian take on the issue … What follows is a breakthrough in the use of Foucault's later work to disclose the link between emotional self-regulation and neoliberalism." — Open Review of Educational Research
"This clearly written and carefully crafted work is … key to highlighting the role of emotions, temporality and practices in neoliberal governance." — Social Semiotics