Shutdown at Youngstown

Public Policy for Mass Unemployment

By Terry F. Buss & F. Stevens Redburn

Subjects: Public Policy
Series: SUNY series in Urban Public Policy
Paperback : 9780873956475, 236 pages, June 1983
Hardcover : 9780873956468, 236 pages, June 1983

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Table of contents

Individuals Interviewed
1. Introduction

Part 1. Background

2. Black Monday: The Closing of Youngstown Sheet and Tube

Part 2. Impact of the Closing

3. The Psychological Impact of the Shutdown
4. The Community Impact of the Shutdown

Part 3. Responding to the Crisis

5. Reemployment, Retraining, and Relocation
6. Other Responses: Individuals and Agencies

Part 4. Social Policies for Mass Unemployment

7. Employment Policy
8. Human Services Policies
9. The Longer Run

Appendix A. Methodology
Appendix B. Politics of a Plant Closing
Appendix C. Measurement of Mental Health
Appendix D. Euology to a Shutdown Steel Mill



In spite of the gravity of the problem of mass unemployment and its periodic recurrence in industrial societies, few scientific studies have been undertaken which serve to define the impact of plant closings on workers, families, and the community; to evaluate individual group, or community responses to closings; and to offer suggestions for the future.

Shutdown at Youngstown meets this need. It presents the findings of a multidisciplinary, scientific study of the closing of the steel mills in Youngstown in 1977 which put 5,000 persons out of work. Research reported in the text is based on personal interviews, social indicator data, and data from health and human service agencies. The authors conclude by developing a public policy for dealing with plant closings and the crisis of mass unemployment.

Terry F. Buss is Director of the Center for Urban Studies at Youngstown State University. F. Stevens Redburn is Social Science Research Analyst at the Office for Policy Development and Research, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.