Struggling To Be Heard

The Unmet Needs of Asian Pacific American Children

Edited by Valerie Ooka Pang & Li-Rong Lilly Cheng

Subjects: Education
Series: SUNY series, The Social Context of Education
Paperback : 9780791438404, 362 pages, September 1998
Hardcover : 9780791438398, 362 pages, September 1998

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Table of contents



Enrique (Henry) T. Trueba

The Quest for Concepts, Competence, and Connections: The Education of Asian Pacific American Children

Valerie Ooka Pang and Li-Rong Lilly Cheng

Part I. General Background Information

1. Who Are Chinese American, Japanese American, and Korean American Children? Cultural Profiles

Brian R. Leung

2. Filipino American Students:
Actively Carving a Sense of Identity

Penelope V. Flores

3. Behind the Smiles: The True Heart of Southeast Asian American Children

MyLuong T. Tran

Part II. Critical Issues in the Development of Asian Pacific American Children

4. Becoming American: Coping Strategies of Asian Pacific American Children

Russell L. Young

5. Mental Health Issues Concerning Asian Pacific American Children

Chi-Ah Chun and Stanley Sue

6. Characteristics of Southeast Asian Delinquents:
Toward an Understanding

Kenji Ima and Jean Nidorf

7. Beyond Multiculturalism:
Cultural Translators Make It Happen

Li-Rong Lilly Cheng

Part III. Schooling and Asian Pacific American Children

8. The Linda Vista Elementary Story:
Where Diversity Is the Mainstream

Adel Nadeau

9. Asian American and Pacific Islander American Families with Disabilities: A Current View

Addison Watanabe

10. The Legacy: Creating a Knowledge Base on Filipino Americans

Fred Cordova

11. Language Assessment and Instructional Strategies for Limited English Proficient Asian and Pacific Islander American Children

Li-Rong Lilly Cheng

12. Meeting the Instructional Needs of Chinese American and Asian English Language Development and At-Risk Students

Grace Fung

13. Educating Asian Newcomer Secondary Students:
Four Case Studies of Schools

Kenji Ima

Part IV. Recommendations

14. "We Could Shape It": Organizing for Asian Pacific American Student Empowerment

Peter Nien-chu Kiang

15. Educating the Whole Child: Implications for Teachers

Valerie Ooka Pang

Appendix: Creating Positive Asian American Images on Sesame Street

Valeria Lovelace


About the Contributors


The social, psychological, and educational needs of Asian Pacific American youth often go unmet. This book, written by multicultural educators, social workers, psychologists, and others, challenges stereotypical beliefs and seeks to provide, basic knowledge and direction for working with this population, often labeled as "the model minority."


Honorable Mention, 1999 Gustavus Myers Outstanding Book Awards

Struggling To Be Heard offers various theoretical frameworks for understanding culture and language diversity in Asian Pacific American young people. The authors weave a unique tapestry integrating curriculum, instruction, mental health issues, language issues, delinquency, policy, disabilities, and cultures. They also offer critical recommendations for teachers, social workers, school psychologists, school administrators, bilingual professionals, and policy makers who work with Asian Pacific American children and youth so they can make a difference in the lives of Asian Pacific American students and address their unmet needs.

Valerie Ooka Pang is Professor of Teacher Education and Li-Rong Lilly Cheng is Professor in the Department of Communicative Disorders and Assistant Dean for the College of Health and Human Services at San Diego State University.


"This book provides not only the impetus but also strategies for developing more effective and authentic educational experiences for Asian Pacific American youth. It describes the circumstances that have allowed us as a nation and specifically as educators to be blind to the special needs of these children. The message of this book challenges the 'model minority' view of Asian students as a myth. It calls educators to recognize and respond to the silent struggle of Asian youth who endure discrimination and underrepresentation in special service programs. " — Patricia VanLeuvan, Penn State at Delaware County