Passionate Commitments

The Lives of Anna Rochester and Grace Hutchins

By Julia M. Allen

Subjects: Biography, Women's Studies, American Labor History, Lesbian / Gay Studies
Paperback : 9781438446882, 378 pages, January 2014
Hardcover : 9781438446875, 378 pages, June 2013

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Table of contents

List of Illustrations
Foreword by Robin Hackett
Part One. Beginnings
1. 1919
2. Anna Rochester
3. Grace Hutchins
4. Community Consciousness
5. Into the World
Part Two. Love and Work
6. Love Requires a New Form
7. Worker Journalists
8. Love and Work
9. Revolutionary Change
10. Twentieth-Century Americanism
Part Three. Legacies

11. War against Fascism
12. Love and Loyalty
13. Cold War at Home
14. “Purpose: Keep the Group Going”

A story of two twentieth-century American women whose love for each other fueled their work to create an egalitarian world.


Winner of the 2014 Judy Grahn Award for Lesbian Nonfiction presented by the Publishing Triangle

Developing their rhetorical skills in early-twentieth-century women's organizations, Anna Rochester and Grace Hutchins, life partners and heirs to significant wealth, aimed for revolution rather than reform. They lived frugally while devoting themselves to several organizations in succession, including the Episcopal Church and the Fellowship of Reconciliation, as they searched for a place where their efforts were welcomed and where they could address the root causes of social inequities. In 1927, they joined the Communist Party USA and helped to build the Labor Research Association. There they engaged in research and wrote books, pamphlets, and articles arguing for gender and racial equality, and economic justice.

Julia M. Allen's Passionate Commitments is a love story, but more than that, it is a story of two women whose love for each other sustained their political work. Allen examines the personal and public writings of Rochester and Hutchins to reveal underreported challenges to capitalism as well as little-known efforts to strengthen feminism during their time. Through an investigation of their lives and writings, this biography charts the underpinnings of American Cold War fears and the influence of sexology on political movements in mid-twentieth-century America.

Julia M. Allen is Professor Emerita of English at Sonoma State University.


"Julia M. Allen has written a wonderful, engaging, queerly emblematic joint biography of Grace Hutchins (1885–1969) and Anna Rochester (1880–1966), life partners who devoted themselves to the Communist Party and a seemingly infinite number of allied causes, especially those that advanced the equality of women … Allen's monumental study, worthy of these two extraordinary lives, goes a long way toward correcting the historical record. " — Women's Review of Books

"Highly recommended. " — CHOICE